What is Easter and what does it mean?

Easter is considered one of the most important holidays of the year for Christians. This holiday is meant to commemorate the resurrection of Jesus Christ after he was crucified.

What is Easter and what is the origin of this holiday

Easter is the anniversary of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ for all Christians. The scriptures say that Jesus is the son of God, the creator of the earth. His tragic death was a sacrifice by which he forgave all the sins of mankind. Also at Easter, Christians celebrate a new covenant between mankind and the Creator.

Easter is one of the most important holidays of the year, not only for Orthodox Christians, but also for Catholics, Protestants and Anglicans. It is noteworthy that similar holidays existed even before the advent of Christianity, being associated with the coming of spring.

The Jews call this holiday “Passover” and symbolize the deliverance from Egyptian bondage and the exodus of the children of Israel led by Moses.

When is Easter celebrated?

Easter is usually celebrated on any Sunday between the end of March and the beginning of April, to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus and his resurrection from the dead. Easter does not have a fixed date, but Catholic theologians believe that Easter takes place on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox.

According to the Bible, the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ took place during the Jewish Passover, which was celebrated on the first full moon after the vernal equinox.

Orthodox Easter

Not all Christians observe the Passover according to the Gregorian calendar, and for this reason Catholic Easter is celebrated at a different time than Orthodox Easter. Most Orthodox Christians still follow the old Julian calendar.

An Easter gift basket with a bottle of red dry wine Saperavi from Georgia, traditional Greek Easter bread Tsoureki, and red eggs. Photo: Alexandra Torro/Unsplash

Like the date of Easter based on the Gregorian calendar, Orthodox Easter can fall every Sunday between March 22 and April 25 of the Julian calendar. In the Gregorian calendar, this interval corresponds to the period April 3 – May 10.

Orthodox Easter can fall at the same time as Catholic Easter. An example of this, in which the Catholic Easter will coincide with the Orthodox Easter, is the year 2025, more precisely, on April 20, when all Christians in the world will celebrate Easter.

The significance of Easter

Easter is essential to the Christian faith. People believe that Jesus Christ died on the cross, but then he rose from the dead and ascended to heaven with all his body. Because Jesus overcame death and rose again, Christians believe that He alone has the power to give them eternal life. This is something that all Christians remember every year of Easter, as well as every Sunday service. Priests recommend that we daily remember the sacrifice of the Son of God.

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